Benefits Of Composting

Composting is the process of breaking down decaying organic matter into fertiliser for plants. In this guide we will discuss the benefits of composting and see just how easy it can be.  

Why Compost?

There are many benefits to composting, but what are the main reasons for doing it?

Enriches Soil

Compost is full of natural nutrients that plants use to grow. When compost is added on top of soil it helps retain moisture, allowing your garden to thrive without the use of chemical fertilisers.

Reduces Waste

It is reported that there are 4.5m tonnes food waste a year in the UK. Composting recycles your own kitchen waste and in turn it reduces waste that would usually go to landfill.

Good for the Environment

By composting, you are reducing the need to use chemical fertilisers and reducing the amount of food or garden waste that is thrown away. By reducing the amount of waste that is sent to landfill, this reduces the mount of methane greenhouse gas.

What Can I Compost?

As a rule, anything that is natural or grows from the ground can be composted; fruit, vegetables or flower and plants can all be thrown into the composter. However, you are not limited to just fruit and veg scraps, you can also compost pasta, cereal or bread (stale or fresh) as these all contain grains.

Although meat or fish and dairy products such as cheese or milk cannot be composted, coffee grounds and eggshells are all suitable for the composter. If you have a food caddy provided by your local council, then it may be worth checking what can and cannot be composted in your area.

What Do I need To Compost?

Other than your food waste, the only thing you really need to start composting is somewhere to put the compost!

You don’t necessarily need a compost bin and you can just have a compost pile directly on the lawn. However, for those wanting to either compost their waste indoors or have it contained and not on show, all you need is a compost bin.

There are a wide range of composters available from tumblers, to wormeries to standard stationary composters and choosing the right one will depend on your lifestyle and the space you have. Often available in either plastic or wood, there are a number of different styles and sizes that will be suitable.

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